Your Local Pharmacist is

Jay Koovarjee

 92 Pitt St
Sydney NSW 2000
ph: (02) 9221 0091
fax: (02) 8880-8326

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:: In Brief


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:: Diabetes

Disease Management - Diabetes
  Disease Management

Diabetes is a condition in which there is too much sugar (glucose) in the blood. Either the body does not make enough insulin or the insulin it makes doesn’t work properly to control the sugar level in the blood.

There are two main types of diabetes:

Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes usually affects children and young adults. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs after the age of 30.

About four per cent of Australians have diabetes, and the majority (80-85%) have Type 2. If not controlled, diabetes can lead to eye damage and blindness, heart attack and stroke, kidney damage, damage to nerves in feet, poor circulation, slow healing of wounds and infections, impotence in men, pregnancy complications in women.

Signs and symptoms:

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are often dramatic and come on very suddenly.  Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are often subtle and may be attributed to aging or obesity. A person may have type 2 diabetes for many years without knowing it.

The symptoms of diabetes may be:

  • excessive thirst
  • frequent urination
  • unexplained weight loss
  • extreme hunger
  • irritability
  • weakness and fatigue
  • blurred vision
  • tiredness
  • tingling and numbness in feet
  • excessive weight
  • slow healing infections

Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes:

  • Over 45 with high blood pressure
  • Over 45 and overweight
  • Over 55
  • Have heart disease or have had a heart attack
  • Had high blood sugar levels while pregnant
  • Have had a borderline high blood sugar test
  • Have polycistic ovary syndrom and are overweight
  • Over 35 nd an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, a Pacific Islander, of Chinese origin or from the Indian sub-continent


The first treatment for type 2 diabetes is often meal planning for blood sugar control, weight loss, and exercising. Sometimes these measures are not enough to bring blood sugar down near the normal range. In many cases, tablets or insulin injections may be needed to control the diabetes.

Hypoglycaemia (also called a ‘hypo’, low blood glucose or insulin reaction), is when your blood glucose level has dropped too low.

While hypoglycaemia can be experienced by people taking certain tablets for their diabetes, it is more common in people who inject insulin. It is generally not a problem for people with type 2 diabetes who can manage their diabetes through a healthy eating plan and physical activity alone, however, it is possible.

It is important to treat a ‘hypo’ immediately to stop your blood glucose level from dropping lower.

Hyperglycaemia means high blood sugar level. This can develop over many hours or days. 

It is possible for your blood sugar level to be high and you not even be aware of it.

Many people do not experience the symptoms of hyperglycaemia until their blood sugar levels are extremely high. Although their blood contains too much sugar, they cannot tell unless they do a finger prick test.

More Information:

Diabetes Australia -
International Diabetes Institute -
Diabetes Centre Australia -

Ask Your Pharmacist about:

  • Symptoms of Diabetes
  • Treatment of Diabetes
  • Management of Diabetes 

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